By Karl Aschenbrenner
Presents touch upon the 1st of the 3 basic sections of Kant's Critique; the analytical, the dialectical, and the methodological. The analytical part runs from Kant's advent to just about the tip of the Analytic of rules, and is anxious with the character, foundations, and the boundaries of empirical wisdom.
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Additional resources for A Companion to Kant's ''Critique of Pure Reason''
This effort is already present in the Aesthetic. 2. in the second argument we learn that space is an a priori representation, that it underlies all outer intuitions. In a sense this simply reaffirms 38 what appeared in 1. In 1 the emphasis1 is on denying that our representation of space is empirical. In 2 it is on affirming the alternative to this, namely, that space is a priori. The two statements are essentially equivalent. If in 1 Kant could argue that space must be presupposed if we talk of anything outside us, this must also include what is said in 2 to the effect that if we have outer intuitions, space is a necessary condition of them.
The examination of the pretensions of pure reason to knowledge outside or beyond experience, to a priori knowledge in short, comes down to just this question about the possibility of synthetic a priori judgments. We may make this clearer to ourselves if we raise similar questions about other judgments; Kant did not explicitly raise these questions since they answer themselves in the framework of the Critique. The questions are: How are synthetic a posteriori judgments possible? How are analytic a priori judgments possible?
The term "concept" (Begriff) is only to be understood with qualifications. In the body of the four arguments about space, and this is re-affirmed later, we learn that our notion of space is precisely not a concept; 'space,' is not a class name. Space is in fact a kind of "individual" or "particular" for there is only one space (and one time). ^ 1. Turning now to the arguments themselves, Kant's exposition begins with the observation that space is not an empirical concept, where the emphasis is clearly on 'empirical'.
A Companion to Kant's ''Critique of Pure Reason'' by Karl Aschenbrenner