By Thomas Biolsi
This spouse is constituted of 27 unique contributions through best students within the box and summarizes the country of anthropological wisdom of Indian peoples, in addition to the heritage that received us up to now.
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Additional resources for A Companion to the Anthropology of American Indians
While these are often thought of as public health issues, they are rarely seen as elements of the ecology of populations of Indian people. I would maintain that they are, particularly when seen in comparison with other segments of the national population. Trafzer (1997) conducted a historical study of death rates and causes of death on the Yakama Indian Reservation using death certificates issued between 1888 and 1964. He found consistent and pervasive differences in death rates and causes of death during that span.
Recently, Whitlock and Knox (2002) have disputed Boyd’s claims, insisting that the evidence for aboriginal burning is weak, and that the oak savanna was climatically sustained. However, the available ethnohistoric evidence supports Boyd’s basic claim. P O L I T I C AL A N D H I S T O R I C A L E CO L O G I E S 19 Kalapuya people clearly burned the Willamette Valley floor regularly. They burned to drive deer, and to facilitate collection of seeds, insects, and nuts. Oaks benefit when the ground around them is fired (Shipek, 1989) and burning underbrush makes it easier to collect the nuts.
I draw my examples from western North America, primarily the Plateau and Northwest Coast, since these are the regions I know best. I turn first to Political Ecology and use that discussion to introduce that topic and secondly to develop an argument for the necessity of a coherent Historical Ecology of Native Americans. POLITICAL ECOLOGY According to Greenberg and Park (1994) political ecology connects ‘‘political economy, with its insistence on the need to link the distribution of power with 8 KENNETH M.
A Companion to the Anthropology of American Indians by Thomas Biolsi