By William Woodruff
This e-book investigates the main adjustments in global heritage and global financial system up to now years and explains to what volume international forces were accountable for shaping either previous and current. Its underlying subject is the fight for energy during which, because the 16th century, the West has prevailed. a few of the difficulties of the modern international - together with terrorism - are the legacy of the interval of Western domination. till the increase of the West, and its incomparable effect on each department of human job, the centre of the area has been in Asia. through the 19th century international strength was once firmly within the arms of the West. America's later upward thrust to international prestige used to be caused by means of the 2 global wars. the main widespread of the Western international locations, the U.S. is now blamed for the entire excesses of an prior colonial age.
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Additional resources for A Concise History of the Modern World: 1500 to the Present
Elizabeth Tudor could be as calculating and cruel as the rest, but (in the tradition of Magna Carta) she took good care to remain inside the law. Think of the legal devices that her father, Henry VIII, employed to rid himself of his wives. In Russia such action would have been unthinkable. In the three years - 1918-1921 - Lenin's secret police, the Cheka, are charged with having killed seven times as many people as the Czars had executed over the previous hundred years. 77 Stalin is said to have killed more of his own countrymen in the Ukraine, the Volga Basin, the Caucasus, and the area of the Don than had been lost by all the European powers in the First World War.
From the early decades of the nineteenth century, a world economy emerged focused upon western Europe (in particular upon the leading trading nation of the time, Britain). The great traders of the modern age were Europeans. It is they who accepted an all-purpose money and an all-powerful market, without which it is difficult to explain Europe's ascendancy. It is they who developed international trade until it embraced not only the luxury items of commerce, but the indispensable things of daily life.
With control of the entire Volga, Russian expansion to the south-west, as well as the east, was assured. Yet Russian expansion eastward had constantly to be defended from the rear. In 1571 Moscow was once more sacked by an invading force of Tatars. In less than a century, by the late 1630s, Russia's eastward march had reached the Sea of Okhotsk. The Russians then swept southward to the banks of the Amur River, where for the next two centuries their expansion was held in check by the Manchus who had established their rule in China by 1644.
A Concise History of the Modern World: 1500 to the Present by William Woodruff