By A. B McKillop
Targeting the concept of Canada's significant scientists, philosophers, and clerics - males akin to William Dawson and Daniel Wilson, John Watson and W.D. LeSeur, G.M. provide and Salem Bland - A Disciplined Intelligence starts off via reconstructing the crucial strands of highbrow and ethical orthodoxy well-known in Anglo-Canadian schools at the eve of the Darwinian revolution. those contain Scottish logic philosophy and the typical theology of William Paley. The harmful effect of evolutionary rules on that orthodoxy and the key exponents of the recent varieties of social evolution - Spencerian and Hegelian alike - are tested intimately. via the 20 th century the centre of Anglo-Canadian concept were reworked by means of what had turn into a brand new, evolutionary orthodoxy. The legacy of this positive highbrow flow, British idealism, used to be colossal. It helped to ruin Protestant denominationalism, give you the philosophical center of the social gospel stream, and represent a huge strength at the back of the construction of the United Church of Canada. through the 19th century and carrying on with into the 20 th, even though, the ethical principal in Anglo-Canadian notion remained a continuing presence.
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Extra info for A Disciplined Intelligence: Critical Inquiry and Canadian Thought in the Victorian Era
The classe de philosophie, as it often was called, had by 1826 become a time-honoured tradition in Scotland, and its preservation in the years that followed against "specialization" and "Anglicization" became a matter of national concern. " The third aspect of the Scottish influence was therefore a distrust of scholarly specialization that was to continue into the twentieth century. Yet in the nineteenth century this educational ethos was marked by a double irony. First, it became a significant influence upon Anglo-Canadian university curricula at a time when it was under severe attack in England.
Improvements in communications, the refinement of the technology of print, the resultant growth of monthly and weekly periodical literature—not to mention the daily newspaper—made the critical thought of the day the intellectual fodder of Everyman. The anarchy noticed by President Eliot and Principal Nelles was not, therefore, a result only of an increasing tendency of men to criticize subjects not hitherto subject to criticism; it was also the result of the fact that the critical thought of others was now readily and quickly available to a mass reading-public.
But that they were vitally interrelated there was no doubt in his mind, for the whole purpose of moral science was to bring about the mental disposition necessary for the study of theology. "Moral Science," he believed, was "a most important and extensive department of a liberal education"; and no less than the study of theology was it to be God-centred in purpose and orientation. All its branches—mental philosophy, natural theology, moral philosophy, and logic—were to reflect this: The philosophy of mind inquires into the nature of those spirits of which we have any certain knowledge, or which it Education and Intellect 19 concerns us to know—the Deity and the soul of man.
A Disciplined Intelligence: Critical Inquiry and Canadian Thought in the Victorian Era by A. B McKillop