By W. McIntyre
This lucid consultant meets the necessity for an up to date evaluate of the modern Commonwealth. It has a succinct part on its historic history and offers realization to symbols and to the "People's Commonwealth" of voluntary agencies, activities, and company. It highlights serious questions of stability that experience emerged among the relative roles of governments and legit businesses, voluntary institutions, and personal company.
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7 When the leaders got down to business, the idea of two declarations did not meet favour, so a single document was tried. In the first draft the King was cited as ‘Head of the Commonwealth and symbol of the free association of the independent members’. Prime Minister 20 A Guide to the Contemporary Commonwealth Jawaharlal Nehru jibbed at the former formula, since his Cabinet had authorised him only to accept the latter. In private meetings, Sir Stafford Cripps explained that the King was Head because he was symbol – the ‘symbolism created the Headship’.
2 Colonies came under the Colonial Office (CO), and after the Dominions asserted their distinctiveness in 1907 they did not get a separate department for several years. A Dominions division was created inside the CO. Not till 1926 was a separate Dominions Office (DO) created and it shared a minister with the CO until 1930 and the same building until 1946. The Indian Empire came under the India Office, but a separate Burma Office was created in 1937. The DO became the Commonwealth Relations Office (CRO) in 1947 and, after Indian and Pakistani independence a month later, it absorbed the former India Office.
They boasted a colour-blind franchise based on educational and property qualifications, but in fact only a tiny handful from the four million African population had the vote. A new constitution in 1961 provided for 50 constituencies and 15 electoral districts to elect a-65 member Assembly by a system of dual electoral rolls. Whites predominated on the higher income/education roll and Africans on the lower roll. If African parties were willing to cooperate (which they were not) they might expect 15 seats initially, with a gradual increase as more qualified for the higher roll.
A Guide To the Contemporary Commonwealth by W. McIntyre