By Lillian A. Ackerman
Some time past, many local American cultures have taken care of men and women as equals. In ''A important Balance,'' Lillian A. Ackerman examines the stability of energy and accountability among women and men inside of all of the 11 Plateau Indian tribes who stay this present day at the Colville Indian Reservation in north-central Washington country.
Ackerman analyzes tribal cultures over 3 ancient classes lasting greater than a century--the conventional previous, the farming part whilst Indians have been compelled onto the reservation, and the twentieth-century business current. Ackerman examines gender equality when it comes to energy, authority, and autonomy in 4 social spheres: fiscal, household, political, and spiritual.
Although early explorers and anthropologists famous remoted situations of gender equality between Plateau Indians, ''A invaluable Balance'' is the 1st book-length exam of a tradition that has practiced such equality from its early days of searching and amassing to the current day. Ackerman’s findings additionally relate to an exam of ecu and American cultures, calling into query the present assumption that gender equality ceases to be attainable with the appearance of industrialization.
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Additional info for A Necessary Balance: Gender and Power Among Indians of the Columbia Plateau
62),leaving the Colville Indian Reservation tribes with some of the most economically sterile parts of the country (Bloodworth ig59:44-45, 53). A more detailed history of the Colville Confederated Tribes is presented in chapter 5. The period from the first white explorers in 1805 to the influx of EuroAmerican settlers in the 1850s was of short duration. Robert Burns ( 1966:2) noted: “The sweep and proportions of this westward movement STRANGERS ENTER THE PLATEAU 17 are dramatic, but what stuns the imagination is its pace.
While neighboring villages used adjoining territories in common for hunting and gathering purposes, fishing sites were recognized as belonging to a particular village. Despite this ownership, relatives from other communities and even strangers were welcome to use a village’s fishing station; but the host village, through the Salmon Chief, regulated access to the stations so that everyone could participate in the fishing (Ray 1939:16; Walker 1968). Political chiefs came to office by strict inheritance in only three groups.
Father Peter DeSmet, the famousJesuit missionary, recorded that Flathead women served as assistants in warfare: they retrieved arrows and intervened in the battle if a relative’s life was endangered (Chittenden 1905, vol. 2:578). Point ( 1967:192) said of women’s battle role: STRANGERS ENTER THE PLATEAU 21 Several women rivaled the bravest of the men in courage. In the midst of the fray an elderly woman, hatchet in hand, hurled herself so violently between her son, whose horse was tiring, and a Crow on the point of reaching him, that the pursuer, despite his giant stature, judged it prudent to move away.
A Necessary Balance: Gender and Power Among Indians of the Columbia Plateau by Lillian A. Ackerman