By Paul Tennant
This booklet offers the 1st accomplished remedy of the land query in British Columbia and is the 1st to envision the trendy political background of British Columbia Indians. It covers the land query from its very beginnings and offers exact cognizance to the newest court docket judgements, govt guidelines, land declare advancements, and Indian protest blockades. Aboriginal claims stay a debatable yet little understood factor in modern Canada. British Columbia has been, and continues to be, the surroundings for the main severe and chronic calls for via local humans, and in addition for the most powerful and such a lot constant competition to local claims by way of governments and the non-aboriginal public. Land has been the basic query; the Indians have claimed carrying on with possession whereas the province has steadfastly denied the chance. delivering a brand new interpretation of Governor James Douglas, Paul Tennant perspectives him as much less beneficiant to the Indians than have such a lot different historians and demonstrates how Douglas was once principally chargeable for the longer term process the land query. not like what many non-Indians are assuming, the Indians of British Columbia all started their land claims at the beginning of white cost and endured regardless of the large efforts of missionaries and executive officers to suppress Indian tradition, and regardless of Parliament's outlawing of claim-related actions. The Indians emerge during this publication as political innovators who maintained their id and beliefs and who this day have extra energy and solidarity than ever ahead of. the writer has carried out broad interviews with many Indian leaders and has tested the internal workings of presidency corporations and Indian political businesses. whereas sympathetic to local claims, he focuses as a lot on disasters and deficiencies as on strengths and successes. "Paul Tennant is an affiliate Professor within the division of Political technology on the college of British Columbia.". This publication is meant for.
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Extra resources for Aboriginal Peoples and Politics: The Indian Land Question in British Columbia, 1849-1989
23 As thé actions of die elected assembly and die content of newspaper editorials show, there was continuai local white récognition of aboriginal tide and continuai support for its proper extinguishment. On 4 July 1859 thé éditer of thé British Colonist, Amor De Cosmos, stated: "Why is Indian tide to Cowitchen not extinguished at once? This [demand] is repeated over and over again, and yet no response is heard from die government. It may require judicious management, but it has to be donc. The country expects it without delay.
By thé 18505 thé first Roman Catholic missionaries were reaching thé colony and thé mainland interior. The British government and Douglas encouraged Protestant missionaries with thé aim of countering thé potential Catholic influence and of pacifying thé Indians as white settle- The Douglas Treaties and Aboriginal Title 21 ment advanced. The Protestant missionary William Duncan arrived in 1857, having received free passage on a Royal Navy vessel. Further indication that settlement was expected to replace thé fur trade as thé major concern of thé colony was provided by thé création of an elected assembly in 1856.
Douglas's principles had changed since his treaties. The lands outside villages and fields, thé very category of lands that thé treaties had acknowledged as being initially owned by thé Indians and that had been purchased by means of thé treaties, were now to be dealt with as though owned by no one and thus at thé unilatéral disposai of thé Crown. In his treaties Douglas had departed from his initial company instructions by acknowledging aboriginal title to ail land regarded by Indians as theirs; now he was prepared to départ from Lytton's initial expectations by not acknowledging it.
Aboriginal Peoples and Politics: The Indian Land Question in British Columbia, 1849-1989 by Paul Tennant