By Kathrin Zickermann
In around the German Sea: Early smooth Scottish Connections with the broader Elbe-Weser quarter Zickermann analyses the economic, maritime and army relatives among Scotland and the German towns (Hamburg, Bremen) and territories (Bremen and Verden, Holstein, Braunschweig-Lüneburg) situated along the reduce components of the rivers Elbe and Weser. in accordance with a wealth of British, German and Scandinavian archival fabric, the learn demonstrates the significance of the zone for Scottish commodity trade and community construction throughout political borders, when contributing considerably to our knowing of the formation of Scottish groups in a foreign country. It additionally indicates that Scottish advertisement, political, army and non secular actions in the quarter – which featured a Danish-Norwegian and Swedish size - have been intertwined and can't be studied in isolation.
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Extra resources for Across the German Sea: Early Modern Scottish Connections with the Wider Elbe-Weser Region
It is not known if Hamburg merchants also participated in the entrepôt trade of English cloth to Flanders or other territories. See Ernst Baasch, ‘Hamburgs Seeschiffahrt und Waarenhandel vom Ende des 16. bis zur Mitte des 17. Jahrhunderts’, ZVHG, vol. 9 (1894), 295–420, 373. 43 Witzendorff, ‘Bremens Handel’, 138–139. 44 Whaley, Religious Toleration, 112, 119. This contract was renewed in 1615 and 1639. 45 Ibid. See also below. 46 Kellenbenz, Unternehmerkräfte im Hamburger Portugal- und Spanienhandel 1590– 1625, (Hamburg, 1954), 253–259, Loose, ‘Das Zeitalter’, 328–329.
54 Scholars thus agree that the Thirty Years’ War 50 Witzendorff, ‘Bremens Handel’, 140. 51 Julia Zunckel, Rüstungsgeschäfte im Dreißigjährigen Krieg: Unternehmerkräfte, Militärgüter und Marktstrategien im Handel zwischen Genua, Amsterdam und Hamburg (Berlin, 1997), 68–76. See also Schukys, ‘Die Einwirkungen des Dreißigjährigen Krieges’, 221–223. 52 Ibid. 53 Loose, ‘Das Zeitalter’, 260–264. ), Der Krieg vor den Toren, 127–143; Stephan Michael Schröder, ‘Hamburg und Schweden im Dreißigjährigen Krieg.
36 chapter one service for the duration of six month. 121 Thereafter, Morgan’s troops were stationed in Glückstadt under appalling conditions.
Across the German Sea: Early Modern Scottish Connections with the Wider Elbe-Weser Region by Kathrin Zickermann