By National Research Council, Board on Agriculture, Committee on a National Strategy for Biotechnology in Agriculture
Biotechnology deals large capability for making improvements to crop creation, animal agriculture, and bioprocessing. it could possibly offer scientists with new how you can advance higher-yielding and extra nutritious crop forms, to enhance resistance to disorder, or to minimize the necessity for inputs of fertilizers and different pricey agricultural chemical compounds. This booklet explores the U.S.' skill to resolve very important agricultural difficulties, successfully use money and institutional constructions to help biotechnology study for agriculture, educate researchers in new medical components, successfully move know-how, and keep an eye on and try recombinant DNA organisms within the box.
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Extra resources for Agricultural Biotechnology: Strategies for National Competitiveness
Some progress has been made in these approaches, due to extensive basic research on the genetics and biochemistry of nitrogen fixation. Researchers have identified bacterial genes, called nod genes, involved in nodulation. When bacteria invade leguminous plants, the nod genes are activated, nodules form where the bacteria reside, and nitrogen fixation begins. Researchers are now trying to decipher the chemical signals that activate the bacterium and cause the plant to grow the nodules. The bacterial genes that actually carry out nitrogen fixation, the nif genes, are well studied.
Page breaks are true to the original; line lengths, word breaks, heading styles, and other typesetting-specific formatting, however, cannot be retained, and some typographic errors may have been accidentally inserted. Please use the print version of this publication as the authoritative version for attribution. html SCIENTIFIC ASPECTS 16 2 Scientific Aspects THE POWER OF BIOTECHNOLOGY The tools of biotechnology offer both a challenge and tremendous opportunity. They do not change the purpose of agriculture—to produce needed food, fiber, timber, and chemical feed stocks efficiently.
Much remains to be learned, and continued advances will take a serious commitment of talent and funds (see Chapter 3). This chapter briefly reviews the major uses of biotechnology in agriculture. It looks specifically at the progress and potentials of genetic engineering and other new biotechnologies in plant and animal agriculture and bioprocessing. These sections review traditional approaches, discuss examples of progress using biotechnology, and highlight opportunities on the horizon. USING GENE TRANSFER TO ENHANCE AGRICULTURE Throughout the history of agriculture, humans have taken advantage of the natural process of genetic exchange through breeding that creates variation in biological traits.
Agricultural Biotechnology: Strategies for National Competitiveness by National Research Council, Board on Agriculture, Committee on a National Strategy for Biotechnology in Agriculture