By E. Aaltola
Exploring how animal ache is made significant inside Western ramifications, the publication investigates subject matters akin to skepticism pertaining to non-human event, cultural roots of compassion, and modern techniques to animal ethics. At its heart is the pivotal query: what's the ethical value of animal affliction?
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Additional resources for Animal Suffering: Philosophy and Culture
211). It is the suffering of these animals that often remains the most unheard of all. Eggs and dairy have their very real price, too. Breeding animals face their own particular problems. The mothers of the broiler breeds are kept in a condition of constant starvation: their appetites are as huge as their offspring’s, but because they are not meant for meat they are fed only little. This chronic hunger, according to one expert, causes ‘extreme distress’ (Duncan 2001, p. 213). In fact, breeding birds show high levels of frustration, manifested in stereotypical behaviour, due to their restricted diets: since they cannot even spend time pecking and eating, there is very little for them to do in their barren environments, and this causes mental problems (Mench 2002).
28 This means that animal sentience and welfare play second fiddle to very broad human considerations: if a member state wishes to overlook animal sentience, it can always refer to cultural tradition. 29 Typically, countries with vested interests will vote against these proposals and prevent them from becoming law. Also, business interests affect how existing legislations are read: sentience is, in practice, often only given ‘full regard’ when doing so poses no economic costs. The financial considerations are very prominent indeed, as the total turnover output of animal agriculture in 2008 was 149 billion Euros.
Some also argue for animal rights or animal liberation, and criticize the use of sentient beings as mere instruments for human benefit. These criticisms in regard to animal welfare and suffering are slowly becoming more prevalent, and challenge the standard means by which Western countries have sought to come to terms with animal experience. Animal Suffering: The Practice 29 Such politicization is happening not only in Western countries, but also elsewhere in the world. Take China, for example.
Animal Suffering: Philosophy and Culture by E. Aaltola